Social organization of Tiwanaku

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The Tiwanaku culture went through several stages of development. In its first training phase, there were no social classes, because they lived in small communities with basic subsistence activity. It took years of development to reach a complex and full State defined by the typical division of any society into social classes, low, average and high composed of dignitaries, priests and warriors, specialists, craftsmen and builders, and finally the producer class responsible for the food supply.


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         Documents that you can find on the internet:

  • Food, feasts, and the construction of identity and power in ancient Tiwanaku: a bioarchaeological perspective, Carrie Anne Berryman,Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Vanderbilt University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY in Anthropology May, 2010 Nashville, Tennessee,
    "State Formation and Social Identity: Insights from Tiwanaku In this dissertation, I investigate early state development from a bioarchaeological perspective, elucidating how access to food and food choices may reflect and structure social identity as well as how food related practices, such as feasting, are involved in the construction of political authority. Specifically, I analyze human skeletal remains to examine the relationship between dramatic changes in Andean culinary traditions and the development of one of the earliest state level societies in the New World, Tiwanaku.", 366 pag.
  • Formación estatal temprana en la cuenca del lago Titicaca, andes sur centrales, Charles Stanish, BOLETiN DE ARQUEOLOGiA puep, N.o 5, 2001 , 189-215,
    "La cuenca del lago Titicaca en la sierra del Perú y de Bolivia está considerada como uno de los grandes centros del desarrollo estatal temprano en el mundo. Este trabajo esboza los procesos complejos de la formación del estado temprano en esta región durante el periodo entre 500 a.C y 400 d.C. Durante este periodo del Formativo Superior existían docenas de sociedades complejas en toda la región del Titicaca , todas de un nivel no estatal. Con el curso del tiempo, una de estas sociedades, conocida como Tiwanaku, compitió exitosamente con las demás formaciones políticas de la región en busca del poder económico, político e ideológico. Alrededor de 400 d C, Tiwanaku se convirtió en el primer sistema estatal plenamente integrado de la región con suficiente poder para expandirse mucho más allá del núcleo territorial en los siglos siguientes.", 27 pag.
  • From Sequence to Social Organization: Tiwanaku Multicomponent Society in Moquegua, Perú, Bruce Owen, SAA 2001, New Orleans,
    "By around 600 cal AD, people from around Lake Titicaca were spreading out to the eastern and western slopes of the Andes, carrying the culture of the Tiwanaku heartland with them. This Tiwanaku expansion, along with a parallel process among the Wari to the north, was unprecedented in scale. It was one of the defining features of the development of complex society in the south-central Andes. If we want to understand Tiwanaku, we need to understand Tiwanaku's expansion”, 9 pag.


  • El sistema sociocultural  en Tiwanaku, Dr. Carlos Ponce Sanginés, Producciones CIMA

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